Antonio Arribas Moreno-Honorific Advisor of the BCN-SGA Student Chapter

During the second workshop organized by the BCN-SGA Student Chapter (University of Barcelona, 19th-21st September 2013) a well-deserved homage to Antonio Arribas Moreno was celebrated, to honour his career and his contribution to the study and research in the field of mineral deposits.

Antonio Arribas Moreno was born in Madrid in 1922. He obtained the degree of Natural Sciences in 1948 and afterwards he graduated in Economic Geology in 1961 in the University of Madrid.

Even so, his entire academic career was developed at the University of Salamanca where he founded the department of Crystallography, Mineralogy and Ore Deposits in 1965 – the first official Ore Deposit department settled in the Iberian Peninsula. He was the dean of the School of Sciences from 1970 to 1987 as well as the director of the Spanish Institute of Applied Geology from 1980 to 1987.

During his academic life he directed more than 125 final degree projects and around 35 PhD Theses, and worked with people from all around the globe.

Antonio, without a doubt whatsoever, is one of the fathers of Ore Deposit research in the Iberian Peninsula and other territories such as the Western Sahara, where he supported until very recently several field investigations in collaboration with students and professors from the University of Barcelona.

For all these reasons together with his kind personality and neverchanging young soul we are extremely pleased to present Antonio Arribas Moreno as the Honorific Advisor of the BCN-SGA Student Chapter.

Welcome Antonio! 

Talk by Antoni Camprubí: IOCG deposits in Mexico: more questions than answers?

Title: IOCG deposits in Mexico: more questions than answers?

Lecturer: Antoni Camprubí (Centre of Geosciences and the institutes of Geophysics and Geology-UNAM)

Date: Thrusday October 31st 2013. 13:00h

Place: Room 2

Abstract: Magmatic-hydrothermal iron oxide deposits, or IOCG "clan", are a group of ore deposit types that formed in a wide range of tectonomagmatic environments and depths of emplacement: from intra-arc or back-arc environments to those related with anorogenic magmatism (even in association with carbonatites), and from near-surface to deeper than 10 km deposits. The occurrence in Mexico of these deposits spans from Lower Cretaceous to Miocene examples, whose minimum distance from their respective hypothetical subduction trenches in the Pacific convergent margin suggests the existence of at least two groups of IOCG types of deposits from the tectonomagmatic standpoint.

On the one hand, there is a large amount of these deposits located near the edge of the present Pacific coast, running from the Baja California peninsula to the state of Chiapas. Such distribution is very similar to that of similar deposits in the Andean coastal ranges, and suggests that their formation might have occurred in a similar setting, likely to be due to extensional intra-arc magmatism. The latter would have fringed the buildup of continental crust prior to and simultaneously to part of the Laramide orogeny (~80 a 40 Ma), which ultimately deactivated the formation of IOCG deposits and led to the formation of other types of ore deposits.

On the other hand, many other IOCG deposits are clearly distal to the Pacific margin before the Baja California rift-off, between ~500 and ~1000 km inland. Such is the case of the Eastern Mexican Alkaline Province (EMAP), which formed entirely in the Cenozoic and also contains carbonatites. This feature suggests additional tectonomagmatic environments for IOCG formation in Mexico, which also occur in the Cordillera of Western North America, but not in the Andes. The EMAP as a whole poses an interesting topic for further research in the metallogeny of Mexico, as its tectonomagmatic setting remains ill-defined to date.

Talk by Carl Nelson: Hot Spring Gold Deposits of the Circum-Pacific Region

Title: Hot Spring Gold Deposits of the Circum-Pacific Region

Lecturer: Carl E. Nelson (Recursos del Caribe SA)

Date: Thrusday October 17th 2013. 11:00A.M.

Place: Room 7

Abstract: There are currently about a dozen gold deposits that exhibit evidence for an origin at or directly beneath the paleo-surface. Collectively referred to as “Hot Spring” deposits, they were first recognized in 1980 with the discovery and recognition of a near-surface origin for the McLaughlin gold deposit (3.2 Moz) in California. Since then, additional discoveries have been made and unequivocal evidence for a hot spring origin has been recognized at other gold deposits in the Circum-Pacific region. Such evidence includes silica sinter, deposited originally as amorphous silica in hot spring pools and terraces, and, aprons of hydrothermal eruption debris which thicken and coarsen toward a central hydrothermal eruption vent. Mineralization typically consists of microcrystalline quartz, minor adularia, several percent pyrite-marcasite and native gold hosted by central, higher-grade, hydrothermal vent breccias and surrounding, lower-grade, quartz vein stockworks. A blanket of advanced argillic alteration, consisting of cristobalite - alunite – kaolinite is superimposed, when present, on ore-bearing sulfidic silicification. Precious metal mineralization in hot spring deposits is the result of shallow boiling of the hydrothermal fluid. Episodes of high fluid throughput steepen the pressure gradient in fossil geothermal systems, raise the boiling level to near grassroots levels and result in shallow precious metal mineralization along with a steeply zoned suite of associated “pathfinder” elements (Sb, Hg, Tl).


Due to the success of the first workshop devoted to pegmatites organized by the Barcelona Student Chapter a year ago, a second workshop was planned for the days 19th to 21st of September of this year. In this occasion the topic was the ore deposits related to acid magmatism.

The workshop, held at the Faculty of Geology of the University of Barcelona, was addressed to students and young researchers interested in this type of ore deposits, as well as to professors, researchers and professional geologists who wanted to increase their knowledge and be up to date of the latest research on this topic. Therefore, the aim of this workshop was to provide an advanced overview of mineral deposits related to acid magmatism, including mineralogy, textures, petrology, geochemistry and economic interest of these deposits.

The workshop included an enlightening two-hour introductory lesson entitled “Felsic magmatism and hydrothermal systems” kindly given by Prof. Bernd Lehmann (Technical University of Clausthal – Germany).

The main day of the workshop consisted of a one-day session of lectures given by international experienced specialists on this topic. Thus, the talk by Prof. José Mangas (Universidad de las Palmas de Gran Canarias – Spain), entitled “Spanish Sn deposits associated to Hercynian granitic intrusives” explained the three stages of formation registered in the Spanish deposits deduced from the fluid inclusion study; Prof. Mangas also emphasized the economic potential of tin mines, most of them closed, in countries such as Spain, Portugal, Germany or the Czech Republic. Prof. Fenando M.P. Noronha (Universidade do Porto) moved from tin to tungsten deposits with the talk entitled “Tungsten ore deposits in Central Iberian Zone”; all the audience could enjoy his talk in which the Panasqueira mine was clearly the main focus. Prof. Bernd Lehmann (Technical University of Clausthal – Germany), with his talk “Granite-related rare-metal mineralization”, explained the geochemistry of the tin and the tantalum in the magmatic-hydrothermal system and the concentration mechanisms. Finally, Dr. Hildebrando Leal-Mejía (University of British Columbia - Canada) explained the evolution of the   Phanerozoic acid magmatism in the Colombian Andes and its relationship with Gold Deposit genesis.

At the end of the conference session, homage to Prof. Antonio Arribas Moreno was held. The act, leaded by Prof. José Mangas, served for introducing this important personality in the world of the mineral deposits to those who did not know his very active and complete scientific live. Prof. Antonio, who is now 90 years old, kindly attended our workshop. Some personalities such as Prof. Fernando Noronha and Dr. Joan Carles Melgarejo took advantage of the homage to publicly thank Prof. Antonio for their support during the development of their scientific careers.  Some videos of people who could not attend the workshop were reproduced, such as those recorded by Saleh Lehbib (PhD student from the Sahara Occidental) and Prof. Antonio Arribas Jr. (president of the SEG and son of Prof. Antonio Arribas Moreno). Finally, Prof. Antonio Arribas Moreno was proposed as Honorary Advisor of our Student Chapter. After he accepted (with pleasure, according to his words) this position, we are so pleasured and honored of announcing that Prof. Antonio Arribas Moreno is now our Honorary Advisor.

Additionally, a fieldtrip leaded by Dr. Joan Carles Melgarejo, advisor of the Barcelona Student Chapter, to the Barberà Basin (Conca de Barberà) took place. During this one-day fieldtrip the attendance could observe the quartz-wolfram veins in hercinian granitoids, polymetallic sulphide mineralisations (Pb-Zn-Cu-Au-PGE-Bi-Te-As-Ni-Co-V-Cr), barite veins and XVIth century alum mines. Mineralogical and petrographical aspects of the ores and host rocks were combined with geochemistry, fluid inclusion data and large-scale tectonics, in order to have a broad view of the visited ore deposits and their environment.

We hope that you all enjoyed the workshop.


Congratulations to our new council!

Past wednesday 18th of september elections were held to elect a new council of our Student Chapter. Following the submissions of contenders, members who atteneded the meeting voted for the only list presented. Finally after all hands up for, the list of representatives was elected unanimously. We need to thank our past council who worked hard to implement this Student Chapter and get were we are. Thanks to Thomas Ailgsperger for being an exelent president and to  the rest of the team: Lisard as vice-president, Cristina Vilanova as secretary, Sandra Amores as treasurer and David Artiaga as web master. Now is time to pass the baton to new team and still have achievements that we have had to date. Congratulations to Lisard Torró, our new president, and rest of council, Stefania Schamuells as vice-president, Núria Pujol as secretary, Lena Portell as treasurer and Omar Corrales as webmaster. Further positions newly created include Marina Galindos as Signage Committee, Sònia Jou as Ludic Events Committee, Maria Clara Roman as 3rd year Student Committee, Júlia Farré as 4th year Student Committee and Sandra Amores as PhD Student Committee.


Gold Deposits: From theory to exploration

During this September, 8 members of our Student Chapter had the opportunity to attend the “Gold deposits: from theory to exploration practice” course, held at the “Faculty of Science, Charles University Prague, Czech Republic” and given by professor David Groves.

The first lecture consisted on an introduction to exploration philosophy and techniques. During the next two days, two models of gold deposits formation were presented: the gold deposits related to intrusive activity in lithospheric boundaries and the orogenic gold deposits. Finally, the course ended with a lecture about the Mokrsko gold deposit located in the central part of the Bohemian Massif, by Professor Jiri Zacharias. In order to discuss this subject we divided in small groups so it would be easier for all of us to take part in the debate.

Apart from all we had the pleasure to learn, we also had time to enjoy the nightlife of this monumental city. To conclude, we would like to highlight the many friends from other Student Chapters we made, especially with the Siberia group.

Field trip to priorat

This fieldtrip, longly expected by most of our students, took finally place on last September 16-18th. The fieldtrip was kindly leaded by our advisor, Dr. Joan Carles Melgarejo, who did his PhD thesis, entitled "Metallogenetic study of the Paleozoic in the south of the Costero-Catalan ranges", in this area of our country.,

The fieldtrip, developed in this region of great geological and metallogenetic interest, included a first day in which different outcrops and mines near the Bellmunt del Priorat town where visited. Thus, we walked next to the Siurana river to visit the pre-Cambrian rocks outcroping there and containing small concentration of sulfides. Different abandoned mines, some of them now converted into wine cellars or touristic mines, where also visited. Mines such as "La Serrana", an stratabound Mn mine, "Mina Règia" and "Mina Eugènia" (mines exploted mainly for Pb and closed in the 70s) and "Mina Linda Mariquita" are included. We would like to highlight the visit to the underground work visit to mina Eugència. The second day other mineralized areas such as the occurrences in the "Mas del Mestre" area, close to Flaset, and some outcrops close Valls town where visited, so that at the end of the day we could reach our goal, which was understanding the geology and the metallogeny of the region. The graphic material presented by Dr. Joan Carles Melgarejo at the end of the day greatly helped in this sense.

In addition to the geological aspect of the fieldtrip, the attendants could delight some of the most delicious wines of all the country (and world). The nights sleeping in the floor of the classroom of the Bellmunt del Priorat’s school are also well remebered.

Although we were not very lucky with the weather we had a great time and it was a wonderful experience!


SGA workshop on mineral deposits related to acid magmatism (19-21 September)

The Barcelona Student Chapter is glad to inform you that the registration to our second workshop is now open!

As a result of the resounding success of the Pegmatite Workshop (October 2012), we decided to organise a new one, which we hope will be very interesting for students, young scientists and professional geologists. Therefore, this year we welcome you to join us on the SGA Workshop on mineral deposits related to acid magmatism that will be held in our faculty on September 19th-21st . A one-day field trip to visit polymetallic sulphide mineralisations (Pb-Zn-Cu-Au-PGE-Bi-Te-As-Ni-Co-V-Cr) in the Barberà Basin. You can read further information here and you can download the registration form here.

Back from Uppsala

Last week (August 12-15th) twenty-three members of the Barcelona SGA Student Chapter attended the 12th SGA Biennial Meeting at the University of Uppsala, Sweden. Most of the students presented their last research results as posters and Cristina Villanova and Thomas Aiglsperger gave a talk (and they did so well!). We gratefully acknowledge the SGA for the inscription and travel grants that allowed the participation of the Barcelona SGA SC in such a meeting point on Mineral Deposits.

During these four days we have attended different talks on different kinds of mineral deposits from all over the world. It was also an opportunity for various mining companies to promote themselves and to look for students which may be interested in joining them for future jobs or internships. The BCN SGA SC found this evening activity very positive for the students.

Also, we were warmly welcomed by the local students in Uppsala. They provided us a student card to join the different "nations", the students' bars and restaurants, and we spent a great time with the student staff of the 12th SGA Biennial Meeting.

This meeting has been a great experience for us and a great success for the organization team! Congratulations to the organizing committee, to the companies and to the students that made it possible!!! We hope we will participate in the next SGA Biennal Meeting in Nancy (France)!


The first END OF TERM PARTY of the SGA Barcelona Student Chapter took place on Friday July 19th at the Faculty of Geology (Universitat de Barcelona). This event consisted of four sessions of 10-minute talks in which some of the Student Chapter members explained their current research topics in English. The speakers performing the talks were 3rd and 4th year pre-graduate students of  Geology and PhD students. The first session started at 10 am and the last finished at about 5 pm, including a coffee break and the lunch break. The academic activity ended in an evening party in the terrace of the Faculty, with nice music, fresh drinks, such as the impressively delicious variety of craft beers sponsored by Raul Benages (BEVIRRA) or the best caipirinhas ever prepared in Barcelona by the advisor Joaquín Proenza, soft drinks and snacks. Well received by professors and proved to be very positive for the students, the activity was an absolute success. You can see some pictures of the party here.
Here you may find the details of the speakers and the titles of their talks:
  • Alteration mineral domains under Loma la Cuaba: new insights as to the origin of the mineralization in the Pueblo Viejo district - Lisard Torró
  • The Río Mundo dolostones (Spain): implications for MVT and hydrocarbon formation - Dídac Navarro
  • “Garnierite” ore and Ni-serpentine mineralizations from the Falcondo Ni-laterite deposit (Dominican Republic): An approach from quantitative XR element imaging - Cristina Villanova
  • PGE and REE in different types of Ni-laterite profiles from the northern Caribbean: a geochemical comparison - Thomas Aiglsperger
  • Ag-Hg vein deposits hosted by Triasic dolostones from the Mina de la Guerra Antigua, Villahermosa del Rio (Castelló, Spain) - Albert Acedo and Míriam Pastor
  • Isotopic composition of the water of crystallisation of gypsum as a tool for genetic interpretation - Carlos Arbiol
  • Alkaline magmas parental to Catanda carbonatitic lavas (Angola): melt inclusion evidence - Marc Campeny
  • Trace-element composition and U-Pb dating on perovskites from Angolan kimberlites - Montgarri Castillo
  • Proterozoic metallogeny in the NW border of Botswana - Sergi Cardona
  • Orthomagmatic deposits from Western Sahara - Núria Bach
  • Mineralogy, textures and new sulphur isotope data of the Cerro de Maimón VMS deposit ores, Dominican Republic - Joan Marc Colomer
  • The Viloco Sn-W-Mo-As deposits, Bolivia: geology and mineralogy - David Artiaga
  • The Poopó Sn-Ag-Zn-Pb vein deposit, Bolivia: structure and mineralogy - Belén Torres
  • The Huanuni Sn-W-Pb-Zn-Ag vein deposits, Bolivia: Structure and mineralogy - Laia Arqués
  • Primary and secondary deposits from the Crisoleja area (Pb-Zn-Ag-Sn), La Unión, Murcia, Spain - Aleu Andreazini and Stefania Schamuells